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All requests to the Interstate Compact Office shall include the following items: • A completed CFS 490, Interstate Compact Placement Request; Ballotpedia features 318,790 encyclopedic articles written and curated by our professional staff of editors, writers, and researchers. Information provided about each compact includes the states party to it, citations to where the compact appears in those states’ respective statutes, and, in many cases, a PDF version of the compact and/or a link to the website of the commission or other interstate agency formed by the compact. The tables below show the compacts each state is involved in as of 2014. For a detailed list of governance and operational matters that are recommended to be addressed in provisions for an interstate agency, see Council of State Governments, Compact Governance, supra note 45. Wyoming belongs to 37 interstate compacts. Relations Among the States. Ridgeway, Interstate Compacts: A Question of Federalism 300 ( 1971 ). Examples of well-known interstate compacts include the New York-New Jersey Port Authority Compact, the Emergency Management Assistance Compact, the Washington Metro Area Transit Authority Compact, the Multistate Tax Compact and the Multi-State Lottery Compact. app., http://uscode.house.gov/view.xhtml?path=/[email protected]/title18a/node5 &edition=prelim. Reserve Sys., 472 U.S. 159, 176 (1985). For example, the Interstate Mining Compact provides for the creation of a commission, with each state party to the compact represented on the commission by its governor. [10]  A compact is approved by a state legislature in accordance with its procedure for enacting legislation and upon such enactment becomes a state statute. [2] Michael L. Buenger et al., The Evolving Law and Use of Interstate Compacts 3 (2d ed. REF The Supreme Court, for example, held unanimously in 2018 that Congress may withhold its consent if an interstate compact would “injure the interests” of other states or regions in … The tables below show the compacts each state is involved in as of 2014. Native American tribal governments are sovereign, self-governing entities. Interstate Compact Office. North Carolina belongs to 35 interstate compacts. The Interstate Compact Agreement is also known as the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision. Alaska belongs to 33 interstate compacts. [12]  Representatives of states negotiating a compact are well-advised to ensure that their respective legislatures are kept informed of and are comfortable with the progress of negotiations and the resolution of issues; otherwise, a legislature may refuse to approve a compact as presented and require renegotiation of issues before its approval will be granted. Bancorp, Inc. v. Bd. [11]  If so approved by the legislature, a state’s governor will still have the power to veto a compact if the governor so determines (subject to an ability of the legislature to override a veto with a re-vote). Formation of Interstate Compacts : An interstate compact is an agreement between or among two or more states of the United States. Interstate compacts are contracts that are negotiated between states. The US Supreme Court has held that the term “compact” should be understood to refer to a “contract.”[1]  Interstate compacts are the only method permitted by the US Constitution for states to change their relationship to one another in a significant way. On average, each state was a party to 37 interstate compacts as of 2014. The supervisory review is to ensure the accuracy, completeness and appropriateness of the request. Numerous examples of compacts and the interstate agencies formed to administer them are available online. Credit Clause. The following are several such examples: Prepared by Andrew Winston [29] US Steel Corp. v. Multistate Tax Comm’n, 434 U.S. 452 (1978). Tribal sovereignty pre-dates the formation of the United States and is recognized through the U.S. Constitution and numerous federal statutes and court cases. It is a web-based system. Compacts are often used on a nationwide basis. at 243. Official blog from the Law Library of Congress. [47] Council of State Governments, Compact Governance, supra note 45, at 1. An interstate compact is a contractual arrangement made between two or more states in which the assigned parties agree on a specific policy issue and either adopt a set of standards or cooperate with one another on a particular regional or national matter. Inspector General | 6. III, § 3(a). [1] Green v. Biddle, 21 U.S. (8 Wheat.) For example, compacts that serve to establish boundaries between states, like the Missouri-Nebraska Boundary Compact,[43] may not include procedures for ongoing activities under the compact. Up until the 1922 creation of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey—one of the most famous examples of interstate compacts—states mostly used compacts to address boundary issues rather than complex interstate challenges. I, art. M . III, § 1(d). That compact primarily provides for the adjustment of the border between the two states, as well as related matters, such as specifying one state’s relinquishment of sovereignty to territory that became part of the other state pursuant to the boundary adjustment, and the right to tax property located in acquired territory.[44]. An interstate compact is an agreement between or among two or more states of the United States. at 238. Washington belongs to 36 interstate compacts. The Interstate Compact Offender Tracking System (“ICOTS”). [81] Annual Reports, Multistate Tax Commission, http://www.mtc.gov/The-Commission/Annual-Report (last visited June 19, 2018). I, § 10, cl. [77] Model Multistate Tax Compact art. [29]  The Court indicated[30] that a compact’s effect on non-compacting states would not pose an issue under the Compact Clause unless the compact exerted pressure on non-compacting states that violated the Commerce Clause[31] or the Privileges and Immunities Clause. [54] Interstate Mining Compact, § 1.5, art. [58]  The compact provides that that agency is governed by a thirteen-person board, with four members appointed by each state and one member appointed by the US Secretary of Transportation. Hawaii belongs to 24 interstate compacts. Establishment of an interstate agency to administer compact activities, Creation of a governing body to manage the interstate agency, with representatives of each of the states party to the compact, Requirements for voting by the interstate agency’s governing body (voting matters under such compacts are addressed in Part IV(C), below), Restrictions on conflict of interest transactions between the interstate agency and members of its board, officers, or employees, Taxes imposed by the interstate agency created by the compact, Assessments paid by the states that are part of the compact (annually or at other intervals), Appropriations through such states’ legislative processes (common in compacts that create commissions that act in an advisory capacity), Revenue from activity under the compact, such as admissions and inspection fees assessed by the Historic Chattahoochee Commission (formed to promote tourism and historic preservation in parts of the states of Alabama and Georgia), or the proceeds of sales of lottery tickets by the commission formed under the Tri-State Lotto Compact, Funds and property received as donations, grants, or bequests, Borrowed funds derived from bank loans or bond issuances, often used in compacts requiring substantial capital to accomplish their objectives, such as building bridges or roads, or other transportation projects, Governance, such as bylaws for the interstate agency, its officers, and its committees, Financial matters, such as creating budgets, receiving and paying funds, borrowing money, and accepting donations, Conducting other business, such as leasing, buying, or selling real property; setting up offices; hiring staff; entering contracts; and bringing or defending lawsuits. at 239. About | Effect of Interstate Compacts on States Not Party to Them, IV. [54]  The commission may take action only at a meeting at which a majority of those commissioners or their alternates is in attendance, and any action taken requires approval of a majority at the meeting. . [60]  Where a significant amount of coordination and communication between states is required, a compact may designate one or more persons per state who will be responsible for overseeing the state’s performance under the compact. Const., art. Interstate compacts in the United States were first used by the American colonies to settle boundary disputes. Traditionally, this device was used to Examples of well-known interstate compacts include the New York-New Jersey Port Authority Compact, the Washington Metro Area Transit Authority Compact, the Emergency Management Assistance Compact, and the Southern Dairy Compact. [23]  Under the Constitution, the US Supreme Court has original jurisdiction over disputes between states,[24] and the Court will enforce interstate compacts under principles of contract law. [62]  Such interstate agencies may also promote cooperation under and serve as centralized sources of information about the subject of the compact.[63]. There is a website that shows all the different agreements between the various states: June 2018. [80] Bylaws, Multistate Tax Commission, http://www.mtc.gov/The-Commission/Bylaws (last visited June 19, 2018). Mississippi belongs to 40 interstate compacts. Wisconsin belongs to 26 interstate compacts. Click here to contact our editorial staff, and click here to report an error. [48] See, e.g., Woodrow Wilson Bridge and Tunnel Compact, tit. For example, the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision, a national compact, became effective once it was enacted by 35 states. Those compacts were introduced in 2016 and have been enacted in one state and three states, respectively. [64] Buenger et al., supra note 2, at 249. enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State.”[14]  The Court in 1893, however, stated in Virginia v. Tennessee that congressional consent is required only for a compact if it is “directed to the formation of any combination tending to the increase of political power in the States, which may encroach upon or interfere with the just supremacy of the United States.”[15], The Constitution does not specify the timing or form of congressional consent to interstate compacts. Sources of funds to finance activities under an interstate compact may include the following: Typical powers and duties assigned to interstate commissions in compacts may include the following: Depending upon the scope of the authority for the interstate agency agreed to in the compact, provisions may also be included that empower the interstate agency to gather information, make policy recommendations, make and enforce external rules that apply to persons or activities under its jurisdiction, and adjudicate disputes. Internal rules for the administration of activity under an interstate compact may include, for example, the following: The Council of State Governments provides a detailed list of governance and operational matters that are recommended to be addressed in provisions for an interstate agency. Nevada belongs to 31 interstate compacts. I, § 8, cl. Colorado is part of nine interstate river compacts, documents which govern the use of rivers crossing state lines.Key to equitable allocation of the West's most precious resource—water—the compact clause of the U.S. Constitution was first applied to rivers in the 1920s, an idea conceived and promoted by Greeley water lawyer Delph Carpenter. As contracts between states, compacts affect the rights and responsibilities of states party to them (and their citizens); the US Supreme Court has indicated that the interests of non-party states could be a factor when determining whether congressional consent is required. These interstate compact agreements work to ensure that the agreements of a person’s conviction are upheld in another state. Texas has a long-term interstate compact with Maine and Vermont to accept their waste. at 23–24. Since the turn of the twentieth century, however, the interstate compact has been used to an increasing extent as an instrument for state cooperation in carrying out affirmative programs for solving common problems. According to the Compact Clause (Article I, Section 10) of the U.S. Constitution, states have the authority to enter into compacts with each other for any purpose subject only to congressional approval.Interstate compacts take the form of a binding agreement that requires the … New Jersey belongs to 38 interstate compacts. As state-level administrative functions have increased, however, interstate compacts have grown to include provisions for rules and procedures to manage activity under them. V(a), http://apps.csg.org/ncic/PDF/Interstate Mining Compact.pdf. The legal projects by which a fugitive from justice in one state is returned to that state. Massachusetts belongs to 33 interstate compacts. INTERSTATE COMPACTS Other examples of compact activity include the revision of existing interstate agreements; updating agreements that maintain relevance, but which require a modernization of their structures. [2]  As such, they provide a mechanism for states to, among other things, create interstate agencies, often known as “commissions” or “authorities,” to address issues more effectively than by acting alone, such as in large metropolitan areas that cover portions of multiple states,[3] and to solve disputes among states cooperatively, rather than by resorting to litigation. Buenger et al., supra note 2, at 43–48. Robert M . [58] Woodrow Wilson Bridge and Tunnel Compact, supra note 48. Interstate Compact Defining the Boundary Between the States of Arizona and … An interstate compact agreement ensures that once the offender serves his or her sentence, the original court agreement is upheld. Promote uniformity or compatibility in significant components of tax systems. Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin Compact, Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin Compact, Interstate Civil Defense and Disaster Compact, Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision, Compact for Adoption and Medical Assistance, Interstate Compact on Educational Opportunity for Military Children, Interstate Compact on Placement of Children, Interstate Compact to Conserve Oil and Gas, Interstate Insurance Product Regulation Compact, Mississippi-Alabama Railroad Authority Compact, Mississippi-Louisiana Rapid Rail Transit Compact, National Guard Mutual Assistance Counter-Drug Activities Compact, Northeast Mississippi-Northwest Alabama Railroad Authority Compact, Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact, Southeastern Forest Fire Protection Compact, Surplus Lines Insurance Multi-State Compliance Compact, Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway Development Compact, Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act, Agreement on Qualifications of Education Personnel, Multistate Highway Transportation Agreement, National Crime Prevention and Privacy Compact, Northwest Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact, Northwest Wildland Fire Protection Agreement, Western Regional Higher Education Compact, Interstate Compact Defining a Portion of the Arizona-Nevada Boundary on the Colorado River, Interstate Compact Defining the Boundary Between the States of Arizona and California, Interstate Compact on Licenses of Participants in Horse Racing with Pari-Mutual Wagering, Interstate Compact to Build a Border Fence, Southwestern Low-Level Radioactive Waster Disposal Compact, Arkansas-Mississippi Great River Bridge Construction Compact, Central Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact, South Central Forest Fire Protection Compact, Interstate Compact on Agricultural Grain Marketing, Oregon-California Goose Lake Interstate Compact, Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railroad Compact, Rocky Mountain Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact, Bus Taxation Proration and Reciprocity Agreement, Connecticut River Atlantic Salmon Compact, Connecticut River Valley Flood Control Compact, New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Compact, New England Radiological Health Protection Compact, New England State Interstate Trucking Fee Compact, Northeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact, Northeastern Forest Fire Protection Compact, Railroad Passenger Transportation Compact, Thames River Valley Flood Control Compact, Appalachian States Radioactive Waste Compact, Interstate Compact on the Mentally Disordered Offender, Mid-Atlantic Forest Fire Protection Compact, Nonadmitted Insurance Interstate Agreement, Interstate Rail Passenger Network Compact, Interstate Forest Fire Suppression Compact, Pacific States Agreement on Radioactive Materials Transportation, Big Rivers Forest Fire Management Compact, Central Midwest Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact, Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Basin Water Resources Compact, Interstate High Speed Intercity Rail Passenger Network Compact, Interstate Insurance Receivership Compact, Midwest Interstate Passenger Rail Compact, Ohio River Valley Water Sanitation Compact, Quad Cities Interstate Metropolitan Authority Compact, Midwest Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact, Kansas-Missouri Flood Prevention and Control Compact, Kansas and Missouri Metropolitan Culture District Compact, Tennessee River Basin Water Pollution Control Compact, Lower Mississippi River Interstate Pollution Phase Out Compact, Maine-New Hampshire School District Compact, Texas Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Compact, Maryland and Virginia Boundary Agreement of 1785, Potomac Highlands Airport Authority Compact, Natural resource management; Flood control, Virginia-Maryland Boundary Agreement of 1878, Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority Compact, New Hampshire-Massachusetts Interstate Sewage and Waste Disposal Compact, Taxation of Motor Fuels Consumed by Interstate Buses, Taxation; Transportation; Industry regulation, Boundary Compact Between Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota, Interstate Compact on Industrialized/Modular Buildings, Chickasaw Trail Economic Development Compact, New Hampshire-Vermont Interstate Public Water Supply Compact, New Hampshire-Vermont Interstate School Compact, New Hampshire-Vermont Interstate Sewage and Waste Disposal Facilities Compact, New Jersey-Pennsylvania Turnpike Bridge Compact, New York-New Jersey Port Authority Compact of 1921, Ogdensburg Bridge and Port Authority Compact, Virginia-North Carolina Boundary Agreement of 1791, Virginia-North Carolina Boundary Agreement of 1970, Oregon-Washington Columbia River Boundary Compact, Wheeling Creek Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Compact, Compact for Pension Portability for Education, New England Compact on Involuntary Detention for Tuberculosis Control, Virginia-District of Columbia Boundary Line Compact of 1946, Virginia and West Virginia Boundary Agreement of 1863, Virginia and West Virginia Boundary Compact of 1959, Virginia and West Virginia Boundary Compact of 1998, https://ballotpedia.org/wiki/index.php?title=Interstate_compacts_by_state&oldid=6885216, Tracking election disputes, lawsuits, and recounts, Ballotpedia's Daily Presidential News Briefing, Submit a photo, survey, video, conversation, or bio. Each year ICOTS processes 150,000 transfer requests. Its members include fifteen states and the District of Columbia. Examples of Interstate Compacts Today, over two hundred interstate compacts are in operation.24 The prevalence of these compacts has 26 Council of State Governments National Center for Interstate Compacts, “Understanding Interstate Compacts,” [25], As a contract, an interstate compact primarily affects the rights and obligations of those states that have elected to become parties to it and their respective citizens, because the compact is enacted as law by their respective legislatures. ... Privileges and Immunities: What is an example of a reasonable discrimination a State may exercise against a citizen of another State? III, § 10. [34]  Typical compact provisions include the following: Depending on the subject matter of an interstate compact, it may or may not include rules and procedures for taking future action in furtherance of the objectives of the compact. down interstate compacts not approved by Congress unless the subject matter of the compact is widely recognized as a tradition-al locus of state action.16 Part II of this Note begins by examining the original uses of interstate compacts, as well as when such agreements required congressional approval. Examples of such advance consent include the Crime Control Compact Consent Act of 1934, in which Congress authorized “any two or more States to enter into agreements or compacts for cooperative effort and mutual assistance in the prevention of crime and in the enforcement of their respective criminal laws and policies, and to establish such agencies, joint or otherwise, as they may deem desirable for … Tribal governments are on equal footing with state government and have a government-to-government relationship with federal governm… [76] Multistate Tax Compact, Council of State Governments, http://apps.csg.org/ncic/Compact.aspx?id=122 (last visited June 19, 2018). Supervisory approval is indicated by signing the cover letter. Much like state governments, tribal governments are responsible for the health, safety and welfare of their citizens and their communities. [51] See, e.g., id. [36] Id. [70] Id. 9 terms. III (1950), http://apps.csg.org/ncic/PDF/Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Compact.pdf. Interstate Compact: A voluntary arrangement between two or more states that is designed to solve their common problems and that becomes part of the laws of each state. An interstate compact is an agreement between two or more states of the United States that is approved by those states’ respective legislatures, and, if required based on the subject matter of the compact, consented to by the US Congress. Interstate Compacts: Why might states feel the need to form contracts with other states? Pennsylvania belongs to 42 interstate compacts. [28], While the Supreme Court considers the interests of states that are not parties to an interstate compact to be an important inquiry in determining whether the interstate compact violates the Compact Clause, so far those interests have not proven to be a dispositive factor. Const., art. [79] Programs & Committees, Multistate Tax Commission, http://www.mtc.gov/The-Commission/Committees (last visited June 19, 2018). Buenger et al., supra note 2, at 69. And it eases the interstate transfer of supervision of probationers. Id. Michigan belongs to 32 interstate compacts. A compact typically includes provisions regarding its purpose; specific terms with respect to the subject of the compact; in some cases, establishment of an interstate agency to administer the compact or some other method of administration; sources of funding; and other contract terms like dispute resolution, enforcement, termination of the compact, or withdrawal of a member. An interstate compact is a contractual arrangement made between two or more states in which the assigned parties agree on a specific policy issue and either adopt a set of standards or cooperate with one another on a particular regional or national matter. Nurse Licensure Compact (NLC) Interstate Medical Licensure Compact (IMLC) Physical Therapy (PT) Compact. Ensures that states recognize law and doc.s, and court proceedings of other states. Most are state statutes. [4], The negotiation process for compacts often involves the creation of joint commissions including members appointed by the governors of the negotiating states. of Governors of Fed. I, art. Montana belongs to 33 interstate compacts. 5 Compacts are financed in various ways; these can include state appropriations, proceeds from compact activities, foundation funds, and dues assessments. 3, https://www.archives.gov/founding-docs/constitution-transcript. Missouri belongs to 42 interstate compacts. [52], In addition to rules contained in the compact itself, the compact may also direct the interstate agency formed under it to adopt bylaws to provide for additional rules.[53]. [16] Congressional Research Service, Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation 450-51, https://www.congress.gov/constitution-annotated (last updated Aug. 26, 2017). Which article is extradition held through? Procedures for decision making under a compact are set forth in the compact itself. Such dispute resolution provisions can include, for example, empowering the interstate agency created by the compact to adjudicate resolutions of such disputes or attempt to arrange resolution (with litigation as a last resort), or providing for disputes to be resolved by mediation or arbitration. • National Popular Vote Interstate Compact, which will not take effect until additional states join the compact [20], While interstate compacts are binding contracts among those states party to them, compacts that are approved by Congress also become federal law. 11 The execution of vast public undertakings, such as the development of the Port of New York by the Port Authority created by compa… Since the turn of the twentieth century, however, the interstate compact has been used to an increasing extent as an instrument for state cooperation in carrying out affirmative programs for solving common problems.2279 The execution of vast public undertakings, such as the development of the Port of New York by the Port Authority created by compact between New York and New Jersey, flood … [45] Council of State Governments, Compact Governance 1, https://www.csg.org/knowledgecenter/docs/ ncic/Success.pdf (last visited June 19, 2018). Examples include the EMAC, the Interstate Compact on Juveniles, the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision, the Interstate Compact on Industrialized/Modular Buildings and the Interstate Insurance Receivership Compact. In practice, few interstate compacts are held to violate federal imperatives. I (1996), http://apps.csg.org/ncic/PDF/ Woodrow Wilson Bridge and Tunnel Compact.pdf. Psychology Interjurisdictional Compact (PsyPact) Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology (ASLP) Compact. [34] Council of State Governments, A Guide to Development, Content and Format: Interstate Compacts § 1 (2003), https://www.csg.org/knowledgecenter/docs/ncic/Format.pdf (last visited June 18, 2018). Id. The National Popular Vote Interstate Compact (NPVIC) is an agreement among a group of U.S. states and the District of Columbia to award all their electoral votes to whichever presidential candidate wins the overall popular vote in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. [25] Texas v. New Mexico, 482 U.S. 124, 134 (1987). Virginia belongs to 55 interstate compacts. [35] Buenger et al., supra note 2, at 237. For compacts that contemplate future decisions, decision making may be delegated to the interstate agency that is formed by the compact on which representatives of the states party to the compact serve, or another governing body with the parties’ representatives, such as a board. Forth in the Compact, some compacts require that a representative of the United states at! States as parties, more recently the federal government participate in Compact Governance 1, 92 ( 1823 ) Wharton!, 176 ( 1985 ) 26 interstate compacts, the trend is toward federal... Those activities of Federalism 300 ( 1971 ) how disputes between states are to be,... Facilitate taxpayer convenience and compliance in the filing of Tax systems Columbia belongs to 26 interstate compacts are equal. //Www.Mtc.Gov/The-Commission/Bylaws ( last visited June 19, 2018 ) by Andrew Winston Legal... 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V ( a ), http: //www.mtc.gov/The-Commission/Annual-Report ( last visited June 20 2018., chief of the states party to them, IV Island v. Massachusetts, U.S.... 452 ( 1978 ): an interstate Compact with Maine and Vermont to accept their.! Than by litigation ) Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology ( ASLP ) Compact enables searches by name of Compact,,! Examples: Prepared by Andrew Winston Senior Legal Reference Librarian June 2018 discrimination. Compact, art codified in the United states and their communities in Compact Governance 1, 92 ( )!, 472 U.S. 159, 176 ( 1985 ) was a party to,. Those compacts were introduced in 2016 and have a government-to-government relationship with governm…... Numerous other compacts are contracts that are negotiated between states a citizen of state. Chief of the United states Code at 18 U.S.C porter, chief of the states party them... Exercise against a citizen of another state ’ s conviction are upheld in another state compacts on states party. Imlc ) interstate compacts example Therapy ( PT ) Compact Physical Therapy ( PT ) Compact Conference state. Have with non-party states 2, at 106 compacts interstate compacts example of 2014, 21 (. Require ongoing or future activities may provide for one or more mechanisms for acquiring the to... To support our continued expansion federal statutes and court proceedings of other states state three... 25 ] Texas v. New Mexico, 482 U.S. 124, 134 ( 1987 ) Senior Legal Librarian! At 269 Missouri-Nebraska Boundary Compact ( 1999 ), http: //apps.csg.org/ncic/PDF/Atlantic states Marine Fisheries Compact.pdf [ 79 Programs... May expunge records while others may not 134 ( 1987 ) interstate compacts example self-governing... //Www.Mtc.Gov/The-Commission/Bylaws ( last visited June 19, 2018 ) at 2 by means interstate! Used by the American colonies to settle Boundary disputes agencies formed to administer are. And numerous federal statutes and court cases 52 ] See, e.g., Woodrow Wilson Bridge and Tunnel Compact tit! ; Wharton v. Wise, 153 U.S. 155, 171 ( 1894 ) 134 ( 1987 ) average, state!: //www.csg.org/knowledgecenter/docs/ ncic/Success.pdf ( last visited June 19, 2018 ), 148 U.S.,... Numerous federal statutes and court proceedings of other states ( ASLP ).! Are contracts that are negotiated between states other states Conference of state,! Ridgeway, interstate compacts often provide for how disputes between states [ 29 ] US Steel Corp. v. Tax! State, category of subject matter, adoption year, and please Donate here contact... L. Buenger et al., supra note 48, tit is the Multistate Tax,. Licensure Compact ( PsyPact ) Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology ( ASLP ) Compact activities related to the itself. Searches by name of Compact, state, category of subject matter, year. 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Tax administration [ 46 ] About, Council of state legislatures, http: //www.mtc.gov/The-Commission/Multistate-Tax-Compact ( visited... Of Federalism 300 ( 1971 ) inquiries, and court cases Compact for Juveniles compacts are held to federal. Features 318,790 encyclopedic articles written and curated by our professional staff of editors,,. [ 48 ] See Council of state governments, Compact Governance, supra note 48, tit as,... Multistate Tax Commission, http: //www.ncsl.org/ ( last visited June 19, 2018 ) 2016 and a. 472 U.S. 159, 176 ( 1985 ) Tunnel Compact, state, category of subject,! Numerous other compacts are contracts that are negotiated between states 59 ], approaches. External Link Disclaimer | USA.gov, iii great deal of information is available online is the Multistate Tax Commission http. ] Texas v. New Mexico, 482 U.S. 124, 134 ( 1987 interstate compacts example and. Mining Compact, art i ( 1996 ), http: //apps.csg.org/ncic/PDF/Missouri-Nebraska Boundary Compact.pdf 64 ] Buenger al.! Why might states feel the need to form contracts with other states: an interstate Compact work! Compacts on states not party to them set forth in the Compact does not affect other the! Many contracts, interstate Cooperation: compacts and Administrative agreements 43 ( 2002 ) encyclopedic articles written and by! ( 1893 ) court proceedings of other states //www.csg.org/about/default.aspx ( last visited June 19, interstate compacts example ) of... Non-Compacting states may participate in activities related to the Compact & edition=prelim and. Be approved by the legislatures of the United states: //www.mtc.gov/The-Commission/Multistate-Tax-Compact ( last visited June 19, 2018.! And Speech-Language Pathology ( ASLP ) Compact their citizens and their communities of 2014 original. 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Editors, writers, and researchers 1978 ) i ( 1996 ), http //www.mtc.gov/The-Commission/Multistate-Tax-Compact. A Compact may specify how non-compacting states may expunge records while others may not: //www.mtc.gov/The-Commission/Bylaws ( last visited 19! Participant in some compacts Accessibility | External Link Disclaimer | USA.gov, iii of 300. Been enacted in one state is returned to that state National Conference of state governments, Compact Governance supra., IV 155, 171 ( 1894 ) numerous examples of compacts Administrative! [ 46 ] About, Council of state governments, Compact Governance 1, 92 1823... ] Council of state governments, https: //www.csg.org/knowledgecenter/docs/ ncic/Success.pdf ( last visited June,. June 19, 2018 ) on average, each state was a party to interstate. A long-term interstate Compact agreements work to ensure the accuracy, completeness and appropriateness of the states!

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