The 16th-century Portuguese traveller Domingo Paes wrote of his visit to the Hindu Vijayanagara Empire, where Dipavali was celebrated in October with householders illuminating their homes, and their temples, with lamps. See Also: 50 Happy birthday wishes in the Nepali language. The Catholic dicastery Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue, founded as Secretariat for non-Christians by Pope Paul VI, began sending official greetings and Pope's message to the Hindus on Diwali in the mid-1990s. MERRY CHRISTMAS AND HAPPY NEW YEAR FROM KELAB BELIA SETIAKAWAN.  According to Handelman and Shulman, as quoted by Pintchman, this legend is a Hindu metaphor for the cosmic process for creation and dissolution of the world through the masculine destructive power, as represented by Shiva, and the feminine procreative power, represented by Parvati, where twelve reflects the number of months in the cyclic year, while thirty are the number of days in its lunisolar month.  Shops either do not open or close early on this day allowing employees to enjoy family time. For instance, “a freylekhn geburstag dovidn” it’s kind of a teasing way to wish someone a happy birthday to a friend. Happy 20th Birthday ERASMUS!  However, the link between cakes and birthday celebrations may date back to ancient Roman times. The diyas (lamps) are mentioned in Skanda Kishore Purana as symbolising parts of the sun, describing it as the cosmic giver of light and energy to all life and which seasonally transitions in the Hindu calendar month of Kartik.  Many towns organise community parades and fairs with parades or music and dance performances in parks. Prepare to speak confidently with the best online tutors. Diwali was not a public holiday in Pakistan from 1947 to 2016. However, the focus of the Jain Diwali remains the dedication to Mahavira. , As per another popular tradition, in the Dvapara Yuga period, Krishna, an avatar of Vishnu, killed the demon Narakasura, who was evil king of Pragjyotishapura, near present-day Assam and released 16000 girls held captive by Narakasura. In Peru, guests used to sing "Happy Birthday to You" first in English with the name of the individual whose birthday it is, then in Spanish, later they sing any other song in Spanish regarding cake or date, finally blowing candles and serving the cake. So HOWAN could be one of them. Happy birthday to you! Greeting from the KLC's Of Sarawak Malaysia Kingdom Family. Malaysia must devise an “all-of-government” and “whole-of-society” strategy and approach in the war against Covid-19 pandemic that will enable Malaysians to live with the coronavirus for one to two years as well as to save lives and livelihoods and … Ik wens je een heel gelukkige verjaardag. How can I say "happy birthday" in Arabic for man? Happy Birthday! Diwali is usually celebrated twenty days after the Dashera (Dasara, Dasain) festival, with Dhanteras, or the regional equivalent, marking the first day of the festival when celebrants prepare by cleaning their homes and making decorations on the floor, such as rangolis. Communities prepare over one hundred dishes from a variety of ingredients, which is then dedicated to Krishna before shared among the community.  Women and children decorate doorways within homes and offices with rangolis, colourful designs made from rice flour, flower petals, colored rice or colored sand, while the boys and men decorate the roofs and walls of family homes, markets, and temples and string up lights and lanterns. In the past it was believed that evil spirits visited people on their birthdays and that, to protect the person whose birthday it was from evil, people must surround the individual and make them merry. According to Pintchman, the start of the 5-day Diwali festival is stated in some popular contemporary sources as the day Goddess Lakshmi was born from Samudra manthan, the churning of the cosmic ocean of milk by the Devas (gods) and the Asuras (demons) – a Vedic legend that is also found in several Puranas such as the Padma Purana, while the night of Diwali is when Lakshmi chose and wed Vishnu. Maltese. Birthdays are celebrated in every culture around the world.  Some Hindus, Jains and Sikhs will send Diwali greeting cards to family near and far during the festive season, occasionally with boxes of Indian confectionery. Since, this is very popular topic, we have collected a very nice list of Happy Birthday in different languages.We hope, that you will find what are you was looking for. … Happy Birthday! , Some other faiths in India also celebrate their respective festivals alongside Diwali. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. The cake, pastry, or dessert is served to a person on their birthday. The Jain Diwali celebrated in many parts of India has similar practices to the Hindu Diwali, such as the lighting of lamps and the offering of prayers to Lakshmi. Variations include cupcakes, cake pops, pastries, and tarts.The cake is often decorated with birthday wishes ("Happy birthday") and the celebrant's name. Find more Maori words at wordhippo.com! Diwali is also a major cultural event for the Hindu and Jain diaspora from the Indian subcontinent. [note 4][note 5], Publications from the British colonial era also made mention of Diwali, such as the note on Hindu festivals published in 1799 by Sir William Jones, a philologist known for his early observations on Sanskrit and Indo-European languages. Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in the United States, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. The day also marks a major shopping day to purchase new utensils, home equipment, jewellery, firecrackers, and other items. The festival usually lasts five days and is celebrated during the Hindu lunisolar month Kartika (between mid-October and mid-November).  Though the exact origin and significance of this ritual is unknown, there are multiple theories which try to explain this tradition. , According to Tracy Pintchman, Dhanteras is a symbol of annual renewal, cleansing and an auspicious beginning for the next year. [note 2], The five-day celebration is observed every year in early autumn after the conclusion of the summer harvest, coincides with the new moon (amāvasyā) and is deemed the darkest night of the Hindu lunisolar calendar. , Rituals and preparations for Diwali begin days or weeks in advance, typically after the festival of Dusshera that precedes Diwali by about 20 days. These were flat circles made from flour and nuts, leavened with yeast, and sweetened with honey. Hangul is the native language for Koreans, so here I am writing down the Happy Birthday … Whether you are going to celebrate your loved one’s birthday or you are going to celebrate your own birthday, it is always a great opportunity for you to create some beautiful memories, share laughter, and strengthen the relationships … Major temples and homes are decorated with lights, festive foods shared with all, friends and relatives remembered and visited with gifts.  According to Rachel Fell McDermott, a scholar of South Asian, particular Bengali, studies, in Bengal during Navaratri (Dussehra elsewhere in India) the Durga puja is the main focus, although in the eastern and north eastern states the two are synonymous, but on Diwali the focus is on the puja dedicated to Kali. The Chinese birthday pastry is the shòu bāo (壽包, simp.  While the cleaning, or painting, of the home is in part for goddess Lakshmi, it also signifies the ritual "reenactment of the cleansing, purifying action of the monsoon rains" that would have concluded in most of the Indian subcontinent. Learn the Nepali language with us. Scholars contest the 527 BCE date and consider Mahavira's biographical details as uncertain. , Sikhs celebrate Bandi Chhor Divas in remembrance of the release of Guru Hargobind from the Gwalior Fort prison by the Mughal emperor, Jahangir, and the day he arrived at the Golden Temple in Amritsar. He want to wish his brother.  According to the Jain tradition, this practice of lighting lamps first began on the day of Mahavira's nirvana in 527 BCE,[note 9] when 18 kings who had gathered for Mahavira's final teachings issued a proclamation that lamps be lit in remembrance of the "great light, Mahavira".  The festival formally begins two days before the night of Diwali, and ends two days thereafter. For some Hindus, it is a day to pray for the peace to the manes, or defiled souls of one's ancestors and light their way for their journeys in the cyclic afterlife. 寿桃包), a lotus-paste-filled bun made of wheat flour and shaped and colored to resemble a peach.  Newar Buddhists in Nepalese valleys also celebrate the Diwali festival over five days, in much the same way, and on the same days, as the Nepalese Hindu Diwali-Tihar festival. I’m the luckiest person in the world because I have you! The Diwali night's lights and firecrackers, in this interpretation, represent a celebratory and symbolic farewell to the departed ancestral souls. ‘Birthday’ is one of those special Korean words that have an honorific version of the word, which is used when talking to people about a generation (or more) older than you.. In Uruguay, party guests touch the person's shoulder or head following the singing of "Happy Birthday to You".  According to Goldstein, these are then shaped into various forms, such as laddus, barfis, halwa, kachoris, shrikhand, and sandesh, rolled and stuffed delicacies, such as karanji, shankarpali, maladu, susiyam, pottukadalai. Have a real happy birthday, and I love you. At such events a variety of music, dance and arts performances, food, crafts, and cultural celebrations are featured. A variety of entertainments are usually available for inhabitants of the local community to enjoy. Variations include cupcakes, cake pops, pastries, and tarts. Grewal, a scholar of Sikhism and Sikh history, Diwali in the Sikh tradition is older than the sixth Guru Hargobind legend. So you that you know more Russian and have a greater range of expression. Dhanteras, Dhanatrayodashi, Yama Deepam (Day 1), Naraka Chaturdashi, Kali Chaudas, Chhoti Diwali, Hanuman Puja (Day 2), Annakut, Balipratipada (Padwa), Govardhan Puja (Day 4), Bhai Duj, Bhau-Beej, Vishwakarma Puja (Day 5), Hindus of eastern and northeastern states of India associate the festival with the goddess. One tradition links the festival to legends in the Hindu epic Ramayana, where Diwali is the day Rama, Sita, Lakshman and Hanuman reached Ayodhya after a period of 14 years in exile after Rama's army of good defeated demon king Ravana's army of evil. ", India Journal: ‘Tis the Season to be Shopping, Pakistan parliament adopts resolution for Holi, Diwali, Easter holidays, "The Svanti Festival: Victory over Death and the Renewal of the Ritual Cycle in Nepal", Diwali – Celebrating the triumph of goodness, Krishna Killed Narakasur – The Narakasur Legend of Diwali – Diwali Legend, Christopher H. Johnson, Simon Teuscher & David Warren Sabean 2011, https://www.drikpanchang.com/diwali/yama-deepam/yama-deepam-date-time.html?year=2020, http://www.swahainternational.org/the-yam-deep-or-jam-ke-deeya/, "Choti Diwali 2020 date: Kali Chaudas significance, when and how to celebrate - Times of India", "Diwali Festival 2020 India:Date,Story,Celebration,Diwali Special Gift", If You Missed Diwali in India, Dallas Is the Place to Be, Manchester Dashehra and Diwali Mela plans announced, Festive season to boost India gold buying, India's banks face pre-Diwali cash crunch, Diwali lights up consumer spending, festive spirit beats inflation, Fear Of Toxic Smog Leads India To Limit Diwali Fireworks, Firework Facts: Americans Incinerate $1 Billion in July Fourth Fireworks Every Year, Oneline sales may surpass Rs 30000 crores in festive months, Average family to spend Rs. However, these cakes were only available to the very wealthy. Feliz Cumpleaños are the Spanish words for “Happy Completed Years” or simply “Happy Birthday” since birthdays are considered a big day of celebration in most Spanish countries. Answer : [Re] Inquiry related delivery from peterleong98929. One theory explaining the tradition of placing candles on birthday cakes is attributed to the early Greeks, who used candles to honor the goddess Artemis' birth on the sixth day of every lunar month. These elaborate 17th century cakes had many aspects of the contemporary birthday cake, like multiple layers, icing, and decorations. However, if a guest did bring gifts it was considered to be a good sign for the person whose birthday it was. , Diwali is celebrated by Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, and Newar Buddhists, although for each faith it marks different historical events and stories, but nonetheless the festival represents the same symbolic victory of light over darkness, knowledge over ignorance, and good over evil. Earlier in the season's fortnight, some welcome the souls of their ancestors to join the family for the festivities with the Mahalaya. ‘Happy Birthday’ in Korean Explanation. These candles were required to be blown out, individually, by the person who is being celebrated. According to McDermott, while the Durga Puja is the largest Bengali festival and it can be traced to the 16th-century or earlier, the start of Kali puja tradition on Diwali is traceable to no earlier than about the mid-18th-century during the reign of Raja Krishnacandra Ray.  The term "Dhan" for this day also alludes to the Ayurvedic icon Dhanvantari, the god of health and healing, who is believed to have emerged from the "churning of cosmic ocean" on the same day as Lakshmi. Last Update: 2017-04-26 Usage Frequency: 1 Quality: Reference: Anonymous. ", Some inscriptions mention the festival of lights in Prakrit terms such as, The Sanskrit inscription is in the Grantha script. In your story, give details of the secret and explain why it was important to keep that secret. Ik hou van jou. Happy Birthday! Hindu temples on this day prepare and present "mountains of sweets" to the faithful who have gathered for darshan (visit). Food is a major focus with families partaking in feasts and sharing mithai. The most common phrases are buon compleanno, auguri and tanti auguri.. You can also wish someone cento di questi giorni which literally … How to say happy birthday in Italian. In other regions, parents invite a newly married daughter, or son, together with their spouses to a festive meal and give them gifts. These two festivals likely developed in tandem over their recent histories, states McDermott. You will learn different variations. , Diwali marks a major shopping period in India, and is comparable to the Christmas period in terms of consumer purchases and economic activity. Diwali was celebrated as a significance of triumph of good over evil after Krishna's Victory over Narakasura. There are a lot of phrases. The festival usually lasts five days and is celebrated during the Hindu lunisolar month Kartika (between mid-October and mid-November). Why?  According to Pintchman, who quotes Raghavan, this ritual may also be linked to the tradition in some communities of paying respect to ancestors.  During Diwali, people wear their finest clothes, illuminate the interior and exterior of their homes with diyas and rangoli, perform worship ceremonies of Lakshmi, the goddess of prosperity and wealth,[note 1] light fireworks, and partake in family feasts, where mithai (sweets) and gifts are shared. , King Harsha refers to Deepavali, in the 7th century Sanskrit play Nagananda, as Dīpapratipadotsava (dīpa = light, pratipadā = first day, utsava = festival), where lamps were lit and newly engaged brides and grooms received gifts. 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